Photo by Les Stukenberg.
Originally Published: May 19, 2018 5:58 a.m.
Prescott Mayor Greg Mengarelli led a group of about 50 bicyclists down Gurley Street in the city’s annual Bike to Work with the Mayor ride Friday, May 18, 2018, in Prescott.
A Look at Arizona Bicycle Laws
According to Arizona State law, cyclists have the very same rights and responsibilities as motorists.
ARS 28-644 - Stop for traffic lights and stop signs
ARS 28-817 - Always use a white headlight and a red rear reflector when you cycle after sunset or before sunrise
ARS 28-756 - Before you turn or change lanes, look behind you, signal to show your plan to turn or change lanes, and yield to any traffic already there. Cyclists may signal their turns by extending either their left arm for a left turn or their right arm for a right turn
ARS 28-721 - Any vehicle moving slower than the normal traffic speed shall drive in the right-hand lane, or “as close as practicable” to the right edge of the road, except when preparing to turn left or when passing
ARS 28-704 - Any vehicle on a two-lane road that has five or more vehicles behind it must pull off at the first safe pullout to allow the vehicles behind to proceed
ARS 28-815 - Special conditions that affect cyclists more than motorists are recognized in the law
Riding two abreast is permitted by law (A.R.S. 28-815)
You may ride far enough from the road edge to stay clear of surface debris, potholes, rough pavement, drain grates, and pavement joints, as well as to avoid pedestrians, dogs, parked vehicles, and other objects.
You may occupy any part of a lane when your safety warrants it. Never compromise your safety for the convenience of a motorist behind you.
Laws for Bicycle Riders Only
ARS 28-813 Every person riding a bicycle must have a regular seat to sit on
ARS 28-817 Every bicycle must have at least one brake that will make the wheel skid when applied
ARS 28-815 You may ride no more than two side-by-side, except on exclusive bike paths
ARS 28-816 You must have at least one hand on the handlebars at all times
ARS 28-814 You may not attach your bicycle to, or hold onto, another vehicle on the roadway
Most crashes between motorists and cyclists happen at intersections. Most often, when the motorist is at fault, it is because they failed to yield the right-of-way to the cyclist. This usually happens when you turn left in front of a cyclist, or pull out from a stop sign or driveway into a cyclist’s path.
Source: Arizona Governor's Office of Highway Safety, azgohs.gov