Proposed law would help ensure that medical marijuana is not tainted
PHOENIX — A Lake Havasu City senator says he’s still has yet to be convinced that marijuana has any legitimate medical uses.
But Republican Sonny Borrelli said Monday the fact remains that voters did approve legalizing the drug for medical uses in 2010 and more than 150,000 Arizonans have state permission to buy and use it. So, he figures, it’s the state’s obligation to ensure that buyers are getting a product that’s not tainted and has the amount of psychoactive THC that buyers are promised.
SB 1420 would give the state Department of Agriculture the same authority over marijuana as it now has over other plants that are offered for sale for consumption. The legislation, if it becomes law, would give agriculture inspectors the power to inspect the cultivation facilities where marijuana is grown.
Borrelli wants what is being grown tested for what operators are using on the plants.
“It’s the Wild West,’’ he said of the current state of marijuana regulation, with no rules on pesticides and other chemicals being used on the plants.
For example, he cited a fungicide marketed as “Eagle 20.’’ Borrelli said federal regulations prohibit its use on tobacco “because it’s a heavy carcinogen.’’
But those same federal rules are silent on use on marijuana, so “Eagle 20” can currently be used on marijuana.
“Well, I think the person that’s buying that stuff, they need to know there’s a heavy carcinogen in there,’’ Borrelli said. “If you’re a cancer patient, would you want to be taking medicine that could make you even sicker?’’
Nothing in the legislation would ban any specific chemical. But it would require that when the marijuana is sold at the dispensary, buyers are made aware if “Eagle 20” was used in the production.
“I want to concentrate on customer safety,’’ Borrelli said.
Moldy marijuana is a slightly different question.
Borrelli said he’s been told it can be treated to get rid of any fungus rather than retailers having to toss out the plants entirely. At that point, it could be offered for sale — along with information on how it was treated.
But Borrelli’s legislation also has what might be considered the consumer fraud provision.
“If they’re going to advertise there’s 20 percent THC and it’s only 5 percent, they need to relabel it,’’ he said.
If approved, the measure would have another benefit for the more than 150,000 individuals who now have state-issued ID cards that allow them to purchase up to 2 1/2 ounces of marijuana every two weeks: More cash in their pockets.
The original 2010 voter-approved legislation did not set a fee, leaving that up to the Department of Health Services to charge enough to administer the program. In fact, that law bars the proceeds from being used for anything else.
The agency currently charges patients $150 for one of the cards, a fee that has to be paid every year.
“It’s kind of hard to justify when they’re sitting on $40 million,’’ Borrelli said.
But Health Director Cara Christ has refused requests to lower the fees, even in the face of a lawsuit by medical marijuana users.
Christ won the first round when Maricopa County Superior Court Judge Jo Lynn Gentry said she lacked the legal authority to declare the fees excessive, even with the health department running the program with a huge surplus.
SB 1420 would lower that to $50 for the first year and $25 for renewals.
His legislation also would give $2 million out of that health department account to the Department of Agriculture to start administering then program.
The measure is being approached cautiously by the Marijuana Policy Project, the national organization that put the initiative on the 2010 ballot and worked to get it approved.
“In principle, additional safeguards that prevent contamination with molds and pesticides is something we support,’’ said Morgan Fox, spokesman for the Marijuana Policy Project. He added, however, that he wants to ensure they are “not too onerous” for caregivers.
But Fox said he wants to review it further before taking a position.
“I’m particularly curious to see if there would be additional or unintended requirements or restrictions that come with medical marijuana being defined as an agricultural commodity,’’ he said.
The legislation also appears to have the cautious support of Maricopa County Attorney Bill Montgomery, who has waged repeated unsuccessful efforts to have the Arizona initiative voided because it runs contrary to federal law, where possession of the drug remains a felony.
“Unless and until the federal government takes action, we have an obligation to ensure the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act is truly operated as a system for people who have a medical basis for using marijuana,’’ Montgomery told Capitol Media Services. “Replicating the protections the users of any other type of medicine would have is a reasonable and responsible course of action.’’
Because the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act was enacted by voters, it can be amended only with a three-fourths vote of both the House and Senate. Borrelli already is moving to achieve that requirement, getting another 78 of the state’s 90 lawmakers to sign on in support, including two legislative leaders from Chandler, Senate President Steve Yarbrough and House Speaker J.D. Mesnard.
But Borrelli’s bill also would have to survive a possible veto by Gov. Doug Ducey, who said as recently as last week that he has seen no evidence that marijuana has any legitimate medical uses.