State senate panel agrees to increase car liability requirements
If bill becomes law, it will likely mean consumers will pay more for insurance
PHOENIX — Rebuffing claims that the new legislation could harm some low-income individuals, an Arizona Senate panel agreed Tuesday to increase the amount of liability insurance that motorists must purchase to drive in Arizona.
The 6-1 vote by members of the Senate Committee on Transportation and Technology came over the objections of Sen. David Farnsworth, R-Mesa, who said the more extensive coverage will increase costs.
“There are a lot of folks live paycheck to paycheck,” he said. “There are people out there right now that are probably faced with either a permanent or temporary situation where they have to choose between paying the electric bill or paying their mandatory insurance.”
The result of SB 1075, Farnsworth said, would be that more people would simply choose to flout the legal requirement to have liability insurance. And that, he said, would mean more motorists on state roads who have no insurance to compensate those they kill, injure or whose property they damage.
But Sen. Kate Brophy McGee, R-Phoenix, said her measure is designed to help those at the bottom of the income scale. She said these are the people with the least amount of personal resources to call on when they are injured or their car is totaled by someone who does not have sufficient insurance to cover the damages they have caused.
Wednesday’s vote does not assure that the measure will become law. Similar legislation was approved by the full Senate last year, only to be held up with Rep. David Livingston, R-Peoria, refused to give it a hearing in the House Banking and Insurance Committee, which he chairs.
Current law requires motorists to carry so-called 15/30/10 liability insurance: $15,000 to cover injuries to any one person in an accident, $30,000 for all injuries from the same mishap, and $10,000 for property damage, normally what happens to the other motorist’s vehicle.
Brophy McGee said those limits were enacted in 1972, with a presumption that they would be adjusted to keep pace with the cost of medical care and the increasing price of vehicles. But that adjustment has not happened.
The insurance industry opposes the legislation, amid concerns that the higher premiums will result in fewer people buying coverage. Her measure would boost the minimum to $25,000 for injuries to one person, $50,000 for all injuries, and $25,000 for property damage.
David Childers, who lobbies for the Property and Casualty Insurance Association of America, said there’s no reason to believe the higher limits are necessary. He cited figures showing that the average liability claim for injuries is about $13,700. For property damage, Childers said, the figure is in the $3,000 to $4,000 range.
But attorney Geoff Trachtenberg told lawmakers that figure is misleading. He said it represents the amounts for which a claim was settled. And, by definition, if someone has only $15,000 worth of insurance, the claim will settle within those limits.
Brophy McGee said data gathered by the Arizona Department of Transportation put the losses in a motor vehicle accident resulting in death in excess of $1.5 million. For other injuries, she said, the figure approaches $93,000.
And Brophy McGee said the typical property damage in a mother vehicle accident exceeds $11,500 – an amount greater than the insurance for property damage that motorists are required by law to carry.
Trachtenberg acknowledged the cost of increasing liability coverage to the new limits should be in the range of about $91 a year for motorists who now buy the minimum. But he said lawmakers should consider the trade-offs.
For example, he said, if at-fault motorists have more insurance, that will enable the health insurance companies of those they injure to recoup some of their costs from the at-fault motorist -- or that person’s insurer. That insurer could be the Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System, which provides health coverage for those earning up to 138 percent of the federal poverty level, about $28,700 for a family of three.
And Trachtenberg said if people have more insurance, that should lower the premiums for underinsured motorist coverage. That is optional insurance that motorists can buy to protect themselves if they are in an accident with someone whose coverage does not cover their full medical costs.