Originally Published: August 4, 2018 6:53 p.m.
PHOENIX — State economists predict Arizona will add 542,975 new jobs by 2026.
But one out of every eight of them will be in preparing and serving food.
Doug Walls, research director of the Office of Economic Opportunity, also figures:
• Three fourths of all new jobs will be in Maricopa County, with the majority of those in the communities outside of Phoenix;
• An aging population will sharply boost the need for health care workers, from higher-paying medical professions to those in lower paying jobs like aides;
• Outside of Maricopa County, the strongest growth will be in Yavapai County, much of that driven by that need for more health care workers;
• Further out, job growth in rural areas will lag, with just a 0.8 percent annualized increase in Apache, Navajo and Greenlee counties, and not much better at 0.9 percent for Graham, Greenlee, Cochise and Yuma counties.
Area / Numeric change / Annualized growth rate
Arizona / 542,795 / 1.7%
Maricopa County / 408,690 / 1.8%
Phoenix / 156,840 / 1.5%
Balance of county / 251,850 / 2.1%
Coconino County / 12,783 / 1.7%
Pima County / 65,509 / 1.6%
Pinal County / 10,164 / 1.4%
Santa Cruz County / 1,352 / 0.9%
Yavapai County / 15,363 / 2.1%
Yuma County / 8,768 / 1.1%
Mohave and La Paz counties / 9,342 / 1.5%
Apache, Navajo and Gila counties / 5,948 / 0.8%
Cochise, Graham and Greenlee counties / 4,876 / 0.9%
— Source: Office of Economic Opportunity
And construction employment, while predicted to grow a healthy 3 percent a year on average — from 159,700 now to 185,615 in 2026 — still won’t get Arizona anywhere close to the number of people working in that sector before the recession and the burst of the housing bubble.
But Walls said that peak figure of 244,100 in 2006 was artificially high. He said a more appropriate comparison of what might be realized eventually, though not in the next decade, would be the 175,300 people working in construction in 2004, before the period of “unsustainable growth.’’
Overall, the report predicts an average 1.7 percent annual growth rate in new jobs between now and 2026. That compares with just 0.2 percent for the decade ending in 2016.
That comparison, however, is not exactly fair as that 10-year base period includes the Great Recession when the state was shedding employment far faster than new jobs were being created.
In fact, Arizona lost about 300,000 jobs between 2007 and 2010. And at one point the state’s jobless rate topped 11 percent; it now is 4.7 percent.
Walls said jobs should grow faster in Arizona than the rest of the country, which currently posts a 4.0 percent jobless rate. But he would not predict what Arizona’s unemployment rate would be in 2026.
Much of what is driving both the employment growth and the type of jobs created is related to population.
Food preparation and serving related — 67,231
Office and administrative support — 58,913
Healthcare practitioners and technical — 55.759
Management — 38,806
Personal care and service — 37,028
Sales and related — 35,895
Construction and extraction — 33,482
Healthcare support — 32,187
Business and financial operations — 31,125
Transportation and material moving — 24,966
Computer and mathematical — 21,118
Installation, maintenance and repair — 18.134
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance — 17,890
Education, training, library — 17,749
— Source: Office of Economic Opportunity
It starts with the fact that Arizona, which actually saw population growth slow to less than 1 percent in the height of the recession, once again is growing twice as fast as the national average as people once again are moving here from elsewhere. And that, Walls said, has a ripple effect.
“More people within the area, either migrating to the area or born and raised into the Arizona economy, are going to consume healthcare, are going to consume housing, food, clothing and other resources,’’ he said. “That’s going to drive a lot of economic activity within an area.’’
All those people, Walls said, are going to be buying things and needing services.
That’s not just health care support — the people beyond the doctors and nurses — where jobs are expected to grow at an annualized rate of 3.7 percent.
The biggest jump in jobs, in pure numbers, is in food preparation and servicing-related occupations, which is expected to create 67,231 new jobs, twice as many as health care support.
These are jobs that, in general, pay less than the statewide average. But Walls said the sheer growth in the number of jobs is simply reflective of how large a segment it already is of the state’s economy.
In fact, though, the number of current employees at food service and drinking places is just 8 percent of the economy, versus the 12 percent of the total job growth predicted by 2026. And the annualized growth rate for this sector is 2.4 percent, versus the 1.7 percent for the economy as a whole.
Walls also said that the 2016 voter-mandated increase in the minimum wage — from $8.05 an hour to currently $10.50 and going to $12 by 2020 — hasn’t had the dampening effect on hiring for these jobs that was predicted by the Arizona Chamber of Commerce and Industry in trying to convince voters to reject the initiative.
“We’ve seen strong employment growth rates and total numeric change in leisure and hospitality, food and drinking places, on a month-to-month basis,’’ he said. Walls said there was no indication that higher minimum wages “had any impact on that industry.’’
Still, he said, there may be other factors at work that are keeping employment in the food service industry growing faster than many other segments of the economy. And one of them, Walls said, are changing consumer habits nationally.
Most notably, in 2015, for the first time ever, the amount of money people are spending on food and drink outside the home exceeded what they were shelling out at grocery stores. And that disparity continues to grow.