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The statue of Edmund Burke on the campus of Trinity College in Ireland, where Burke was a student in the 1700s. He is recognized as the father of conservative thought, but his ideas were quite radical in their time. (Stock)

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Sain column: Edmund Burke and the rise of conservatism

John Locke and the other great thinkers of the Enlightenment — a period that began in the 17th century and continued into the 19th century — changed how people viewed themselves and altered the justification for government.